Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy, University Munich, 1955. Doctor of Philosophy, University Munich, 1956.
Teacher secondary schools Wagenburg College, Stuttgart, Germany, 1956-1959. Deputy headmaster NCO College, Cologne, Germany, 1959-1963. Educational adviser Ministry of Defense, Bonn, Germany, 1963-1967.
Academy director Officers Academy, Munich, 1967-1973. Professor military history Bundeswehr University, since 1973.
Member National History Association, Inter University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, International Sociological Association.
Married Renate E. Guetgemann, April 18, 1962. Children: Martin, Stefan, Daniel, Christof.