Diploma, K. Marx University of Economics, Budapest, 1967. Doctor of Philosophy, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 1985.
Senior researcher Institute Economics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, since 1967. Project leader Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 1977—1990. Senior researcher Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, 1991—1994, International Research Center for Japanese Studies, Kyoto, 1996—1997.
Professor Chukyo University, Nagoya, Japan, 1995—1996, Shiga University, Hikone, Japan, 1997—2000, Kyoto Women's University, since 2000.
Member of International Studies association (panel chair since 1990).