After the war, he attended Bowdoin College, graduating in 1868. Bodge then chose to attend Harvard Divinity School and graduated in 1878.
He also wrote and edited numerous articles and books focusing on the Unitarian Church and genealogy. John Anderson became a clergyman after working as a blacksmith. On July 15, 1861, George enlisted into the 7th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment as a fife major for three years of service, but was discharged October 26, 1862, likely when the unit was ordered back to Portland, Maine to recruit.
His enlistment documents show him to be a single school teacher when he enlisted.
He continued his career as an educator, serving as the principal of Gould Academy in Bethel, Maine until 1871, of Gorham Seminary until 1874, and of the Westbrook Seminary, which later became Westbrook College. He remained at Westbrook for four years.
After graduation, he was ordained as a Unitarian pastor and served at the Third Society, Dorchester, Massachusetts (Unitarian), until October 31st, 1884. He then became the minister of the First Parish, Westwood, Massachusetts on February 19, 1899.
He died in West Roxbury, Massachusetts on July 17, 1914 of gangrene in his left legal