Attended, St. Mary's College St. Lucia. Attended, North Western Polytechnic, London. Bachelor in English with honors, University Bristol, England.
Master of Arts in Politics Philosophy and Economics, Magdalen College Oxford University.
President of the union Bristol University, England, 1959. Permanent secretary minister of trade St. Lucia, 1961-1964. Economist commonwealth secretariat Marlborough House, London, 1964-1967.
Executive secretary council ministers West Indies Associated States, 1967-1971. President Farmers and Workers Union, 1971-1979. Deputy prime minister and minister of trade, industry, tourism and foreign affairs, 1979-1982.
Publisher Crusader Newspaper, 1982-1993. Permanent representative of St. Lucia United Nations, 1994-1996. Foreign minister St. Lucia, since 1998.
Republican St. Lucia at Commonwealth Heads of Government in Zambia, 1979, Non-Alignment Movement Conference in New Delhi, 1980, on admission to Organization of America States, 1979. Member Commonwealth Parliamentary Association.