Master of Arts, Delhi University.
Various positions Indian Administrative Service, 1968—1992. Secretary to vice president India, 1985—1987, joint secretary to President, 1987—1992. High commissioner for India in South Africa, 1996, for India in Lesotho, 1996, for India in Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka, 2000—2002.
Ambassador to Iceland, 2002, to Norway, 2002. Secretary to president India, 1997. Culture minister High Commission, India, 1992.
And director The Nehru Center, London, 1992. Governor West Bengal, India, 2004—2009, chancellor, state universities India, 2004—2009.
Married Tara Gandhi; 2 children.