Bachelor in Economics, Philosophy, and Italian, St. Aloysius College, 1952. Doctor of Laws, Royal University of Malta, 1955.
Appointed Crown Counsel Republic of Malta, 1964-1966, elected Member of Parliament, 1966—1999. Parliamentary spokesman for Nationalist Party, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Committee, from 1973. Elected House of Reps Nationalist Party, 1966, elected secretary general Malta, 1972—1977, elected deputy leader, 1977—1999.
Deputy prime minister Republic of Malta, 1987-1996, 1998—1999, minister of interior and justice, 1987-1990, minister of foreign affairs, 1990-1996, 1998—1999, president, 1999—2004, United Nations General Assembly (45th session), 1990—1991. Chairman Commonwealth Foundation, 2005—2010. Republican Maltese Parliament in Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly, since 1967, 1996-1998, chairman monitoring committee, 1996-1998, vice president rules of procedures committee, member parliamentary assembly, member, rapporteur legal affairs committee.
Lecturer, professor criminal law University Malta, since 1967. Vice president Indiana World Commission on Oceans. Participant Meeting of Ministers, London, 1989, United States Secretary of State, James Baker Gulf War, H.H. Pope John Paul II.
Leader Malta's delegate United Nations General Assembly Special Session Drugs, New York. Head Malta's delegate to various Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe/Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe conferences.
President Students' Republican Council, 1953, editor Encounter and Leader organizations, Nationalist Youth Movement during student years. Organizer National Congress Maltese Students, 1953. Advocate for general elections Nationalist Party.
Member several Nationalist Party delegations. Active member Legal Committee of Council of Europe. Vice president Europe Parilamentary Assembly Christian Democratic Group.
Member Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (Executive Committee).
Married Violet Saliba, 1956. Children: Mario, Gianella, Firorella.