Albizu was born in the Tenerias suburb of Ponce on September 12, 1891, to Alejandro Albizu Romero and Juliana Campos. His father came from a family of farmers and landowners but worked during his adult life as a customs official in Ponce's naval port. His mother was the daughter of slaves. As a child, he experi-enced hardship and poverty because his father did not support him or his family. Albizu was 19 and ready to go to college before his father legally recognized him as his son.