Doctor of Medicine, Faculty Paris VI, 1991. Registration in hematology, Faculty Paris VI, 1991. Doctor of Philosophy in Immunology, Faculty Paris VI, 1997.
Resident in immunology Associated Press-Himachal Pradesh Broussais Hospital, Paris, 1986—1987. Visiting scientist Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel, 1988—1989. Resident in hematology St. Louis Hospital, Paris, 1990—1991.
Post doctoral fellow Medical Research Council Laboratory Molecular Biology, Cambridge, England, 1991—1994. Senior lecturer immunology Faculty Paris VI, Hospital Pitié-Salptrière, since 1994. Member advisory board ANRS, Paris, since 2001.