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H. H. Chang Edit Profile

also known as Chang Hsin-hai

university professor and diplomat

Chang H. H. was a constant contributor of articles, professor at different universities and an experienced diplomat.


Mr. Chang was born in 1898 and was a native of Chekiang, China.


Chang H. H. received early education in private school and in the Public School for Chinese at Shanghai. Then went to America on a Tsing Hua scholarship and entered Johns Hopkins University where he intended to study medicine but almost immediately turned to literature. There he received Bachelor of Arts in 1919 and entered Harvard University for graduate studies in literature and philology, where he received Master of Arts in 1920 and began, among other things, the study of Gothic, Anglo-Saxon, Middle English, Middle High German, Historical English Grammar and other related subjects illustrating the development of the Indo-European languages.

Later Chang H. H. went back to Harvard University and received the Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1922 for which he submitted the thesis "Matthew Arnold and the Humanistic View of Life".


Chang H. H. was a frequent contributor of articles of general interest to periodicals like The Atlantic Monthly, The Yale Review, The North American Review, and The Nation in America and the now defunct Edinburgh Review and The Hibbert Journal in England. He was invited to write memoranda for the Chinese delegation during the Washington Conference after which he went back to Harvard University and received the Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1922.

Later Chang H. H. became professor and chairman of the Department of English Literature at the Peking National University. He was concurrently professor at Tsing Hua University in 1923. He was appointed adviser to the Customs Conference in 1925. In 1926 he became a chairman of the Department of Western Languages and Literatures at the former National Southeastern University in 1926, in 1927 - vice-president of Kwang Hua University.

In 1928 Chang H. H. joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as Counsellor. In 1933 he was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal. In 1934 he was appointed Chinese delegate to the International Postal Congress at Cairo, and the same year he became an Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Poland and concurrently to Czechoslovakia.

Chang H. H. was a member of the American Academy of Social and Political Science, member of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. He was also known as a fellow of the American Geographical Society. Mr. Chang was an original editor of The China Critic.