Bachelor of Science, Trinity University, Texas, 1970. Master of Arts, University Texas, Dallas, 1976. Doctor of Philosophy, Oxford University, England, 1987.
Faculty associate Center for Middle Eastern Studies Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, since 1986. Instructor department history Connecticut State University, New Britain, 1987-1990, University Massachusetts, Amherst, 1990-1991. Consultant NBC News, Moscow, Radio Free Europe-Radio Liberty, Paris, Munich, The Economist, London, Voice of America, Washington, Woodrow Wilson Center International Scholars, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
Co-founder telecommunications project Texas Scottish Rite Crippled Children's Hospital, Dallas, 1980. Chairman youth service committee Park Cities Rotary Club, Dallas, 1980-1981, chairman world community service committee, 1981-1982. Member Association for Advancement of Central Asian Research, Inc.
(founding editor AACAR Bulletin, founding president 1988-1990, member executive council since 1990), American Association Advancement of Slavic Studies, American History Association, Association for Asian Studies, Association for Study of Nationalities of Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, Middle Eastern Studies Association, Permanent International Altaistic Conference, Oxford Society (founder Connecticut branch 1987, honorary secretary 1987-1990).