Bachelor of Science, Wayne University, 1948. Master of Education, Wayne University, 1949. Doctor of Education, Pennsylvania State University, 1959.
Teacher, Evanston (Illinois) Public Schools, 1949-1951; instructor art education, Ohio State University, 1951-1953; assistant professor art, State University College at Buffalo, 1953-1959; associate professor fine arts and education head department, Boston University, 1959-1965; art education specialist, United States Office Education, 1964-1967; professor education and fine arts, chairman art education program, Indiana U., 1967-1970; professor, head department art education, Pennsylvania State University, 1970-1976; head division art and music education, Pennsylvania State University, 1976-1979; acting director School Visual Arts, Pennsylvania State University, 1979-1980, 84-85; associate dean for research and graduate studies College Art and Architecture, Pennsylvania State University, 1985-1990; retired, Pennsylvania State University, 1990; professor emeritus, Pennsylvania State University, since 1990. Associate director Center Policy Studies in the Arts, 1989. Fulbright senior lecturer/researcher, Helsinki, Finland, January-Jun., 1987.
With Army of the United States, 1943-1945. Member National Art Education Association (president 1971-1973).
Married Marian Perko, August 10, 1946 (divorced 1971). Children: Kathryn Jane, Thomas Scott. Married Suzanne Aldridge Dudley, September 11, 1971.