Bachelor, Harvard University, 1942; Master of Arts, Harvard University, 1944; postgraduate, Fogg Art Museum, 1942-1947.
Curator Oriental art, Los Angeles County Museum Art, 1947-1958; curator Far Eastern department, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, 1958-1968; curator Asian art, Seattle Art Museum, 1968-1987; associate director and curator Asian Art, Seattle Art Museum, 1976-1987; senior curator emeritus, Seattle Art Museum, since 1987; director Son of Heaven Exhibition, Imperial Arts of China, Seattle, 1988. Member art advising committee The Asia Society, Japan Society Gallery, China Institute in American, Inc. Member American advising committee The Japan Foundation, Tokyo, 1978-1980.
Member American Association Museum, Oriental Ceramic Society London, The Asia Society New York, The Japan Society New York, China Institute in American, Academy Laquer Research Tokyo, Society for Japanese Arts.
Married Ruth Trubner, July 10, 1948. Children: Susan, Karen.