Bachelor of Arts, Greenville (Illinois) College, 1928. Graduate student American U. and George Washington University, 1930-1931. Doctor of Letters, Greenville College, 1957.
Editor The Papyrus, Greenville, Illinois, 1925-1920. Reporter and feature writer Pittsburgh Press, 1927. Assistant to editor Greenville (Illinois) Advocate, 1928.
English instructor, Greenville High School, 1929. Editorial assistant division of publications, Unites States department Commerce, Washington, District of Columbia, 1930-1931. Editor, writer, broadcaster, scenario writer bureau biological survey, United States Department of Agriculture (later the fish and wildlife service, unites states department Interior), 1931-1942.
Principal research writer, head division information Bureau Plant Industry United States Department of Agriculture, 1942-1945. Essayist and book editor Nature Magazine, 1935-1939. Executive secretary The Wilderness Society, Washington, 1945-1962, executive director, since 1962.
Editor The Living Wilderness since 1945. Free lance writer, since 1937. Member advising committee on conservation to Secretary of Interior, 1951-1954.
Member of Federation Western Outdoor. Clubs: Cosmos. National Press. Washington Biologists Field.
Married Alice Bernita Hayden, March 3, 1936. Children: Alison Howard Mathias, Esther Belle, Karen Elizabeth, Edward DeFrance.