Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, Chiao-Tung University, Shanghai, 1946. Master of Science in Electrical Engineering, University Washington, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy, Cornell University, 1955.
Assistant professor electrical engineering Drexel University, Philadelphia, 1953-1956, associate professor, 1956-1959, professor, 1959—1965, director biomedical Engineering and Sciences Institute, 1964-1974, chairman electrical engineering department, 1973-1978, E.O. Lange professor, 1978-1995, professor emeritus, since 1995. National Institutes of Health special fellow Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1963-1964. Consultant Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, 1963-1965.
Member study committee National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 1981-1985. Member advisory committee National Science Foundation, Washington, 1985-1988. Adjunct professor Temple University Department Physiology, 1971-1991.
Member Committee on Art and Science Franklin Institute, 1969-1982. Fellow Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (editor in chief transactions biomedical Engineering 1972-1978). Member biomedical Engineering Society (founding), Sigma Xi (life).
Married Nancy Liu, January 30, 1951. 1 child, Elizabeth A.