He was educated at the Prytanée National Militaire school situated in the city of Louisiana Flèche in western France.
At the time of attending the Prytanée National Militaire school, Tunisia was a French protectorate. On 1 October 1955, Husain Bey Gouta was invested as the heir apparent of the Beylik of Tunis, receiving the title Bey al-Mahalla, meaning Bey of the Camp. In addition to becoming Bey al-Mahalla, he also became a Lieutenant General in the Beylical Army.
Following Tunisia"s independence from France on 20 March 1956, Husain Bey received the new title of Crown Prince following its independence as a Kingdom.
Husain Bey Gouta"s chances of ascending the throne came to an end on 25 July 1957, when the prime minister, Habib Bourguiba, usurped power and abolished the monarchy. Following the death of King Muhammad VIII al-Amin on 30 September 1962, Husain Bey Gouta succeeded as head of the Husainid Dynasty as Head of the Royal House of Tunisia, and of the Nishan ad-Dam, Nishan al-Ahad al-Aman, and the Nishan al-Iftikhar and remained so until his death, when he was succeeded by Prince Mustafa Bey Gouta.
He was Sovereign and Grand Master of the Nishan al-Ahad al-Aman, Nishan ad-Dam, and Nishan al-Iftikhar. He died in Sidi Bou Said.
Some sources stated he died in October 1964.
This is a title used for the most senior member of the Beylical family after the reigning Bey.