Bachelor, Brooklyn College, 1958. Master of Arts, City University of New York, 1963. Doctor of Philosophy, University Kansas, 1967.
Research associate First Columbia Surgical division Bellevue Hospital, New York City, 1958-1960. Acting director division microbiology Cincinnati General Hospital, 1973-1975. Director department microbiology Shriners Burns Institute, since 1967.
Corporal United States Army, 1953-1955, Austria. Fellow American Academy Microbiology. Member American Burn Association (At-Large award 1985), International Society Burn Injuries (Tanner-Vandeput Burn prize 1986), American Society for Microbiology, South Central Association Clinical Microbiology (board directors 1973-1982), American Association Tissue Bankers, Infectious Disease Society of America.