Master of Arts in History and Modern Languages, Balliol College, Oxford (England) University, 1978.
Marketing director, Pergamon Press, Inc., New York City, 1979-1980; managing director, Pergamon Press, France and Germany, 1980-1983; sales development director, PBCC plc, London, 1985-1986; marketing director, PBCC plc, London, 1986-1989; joint managing director, Maxwell Communication Corporation plc, London, 1988-1991. Chairman, Mirror Group Newspapers Plc., London, 1991.
Secondment to Prince's Charitable Trust, London, 1983-1984. Chairman Derby (England) County Football Club, 1984-1987. Member development council Royal National Theatre, 1987-1990.
Member Club D'Investissement Media (1st president 1989-1990).