Doctor of Medicine, University Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1995. Master of Science, Netherlands Institute Health Sciences, Rotterdam, 1997. Doctor of Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1999.
Research associate department epidemiology and biostatistics Erasmus University, 1995-1999. Resident in cardiology Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, since 1999.
Member World Heart Federation, Netherlands Association Epidemiology, Netherlands Association Cardiology.