Bachelor, Brooklyn College, 1955; Master of Arts, Teachers College, Columbia, 1957; Doctor of Philosophy in Audiology, Pennsylvania State University, 1962.
Professor audiology New York University, 1962-1970. Professor Brooklyn college City University of New York, from 1970, executive officer speech and hearing science graduate school, from 1974, director center research speech and hearing science graduate center, from 1979. With Danforth Associate, 1968-1971.
Fellow American Speech and Hearing Association, Acoustical Society of America, Institute Society Audiology, Academy Rehabilitation Audiology.