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Ivan Ivanovich Georgi Edit Profile

also known as Johann Gottlib

ethnographer , naturalist , traveler

Gottlib is the author of the first synthesis of peoples of Russia, containing about 100 pictures partially colored.


Georgi was born on 31 December in 1729 in Wahholzhagen, Pomerania (now Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany), into a family of a priest.


Georgi studied medicine in Uppsala University (Sweden), where was attenting Carl Linnaeus’ lectures.


In 1770-1774, Gottlieb participated in the Academic Expeditions of 1768-1774. He explored the Urals, Altai, Siberia, and Lake Baikal. In 1783 he became an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences in St Petersburg.

In 1770, heading towards Tsaritsyn, he passed through Tambov and Novokhopersky uyezd, and explored and described the flora. In 1777 Georgi made a map of lake Baikal at 1:420,000 scale.


  • Based on collections from far eastern Russia, in his 1775 publication "Bemerkungen einer Reise im Russischen Reich im Jahre 1772", Georgi provided the first botanical descriptions of many of the region's flowering plants, among them the Baikal Scullcap (S. baicalensis.) Many of these plants and herbs were later collected by European botanists in China, and thereafter became rare specimens in European botanical gardens.


Johan Peter Falk - Swede - botanist

He studied at the University of Uppsala under Carl Linnaeus. Falk travelled to St Petersburg, and participated in the Russian expedition (1768–1774) organised by the German scientist Peter Simon Pallas.

Falk's notes were published in Germany as "Beyträge zur topgraphischen Kentniss des russischen Reichs I.III" (1785–1786). They were edited by Johann Gottlieb Georgi.