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Ivan Kensorinovich Griaznov

member , military commander

Ivan Griaznov, USSR Military commander. Joined the Red Army, 1918. Member of the Communist Party, 1922. Graduated from the Frunze Academy, 1927. Several high commands in the 1930s. Liquidated by Stalin.


Griaznov, Ivan was born in 1897 in the Ukraine. Son of a poor peasant.


Graduated from the Frunze Academy, 1927.


Grigorenko, Petr(Petro) Grigor’evich16.10.1907-1921.2.1987. General, human rights campaigner. In his youth, a member of the Komsomol and a soldier in food requisitioning detachments (prodotriady) during the 1920s.

Served in the Red Army. Division commander during World War II. After World War II, lecturer at Frunze Military Academy in Moscow. Major-general, 1959. After a speech at a local party meeting criticizing Stalinism, dismissed from the Academy, stripped of his rank and expelled from the party, 1961.

Sent to the Far East, 1963. Imprisoned in a psychiatric hospital, 1964. Became one of the best known dissidents.

Paid special attention to the cause of the Crimean Tatars, who were accused by Stalin of proGerman sympathies in 1944 and deported en masse from the Crimea to Central Asia. Joined the campaign for their return to the Crimea, where they had lived for centuries. One of the founders of the Helsinki monitoring group in Moscow.

Left the USSR with his wife to visit his son in the USA in 1977. Stripped of Soviet citizenship and spent the rest of his life in the USA, continuing his campaign for human rights in the USSR.


No religious basis is needed in order to display ethical behavior.


The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.