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Ivan Ksenofontovich Ksenofontov

Secret police official

Ivan Ksenofontov, USSR Secret police official.


Ksenofontov, Ivan was born on August 29, 1884 in Moscow. Son of a worker.


Before World War I, active in revolutionary circles in many provincial towns. During World War I, conscripted, revolutionary activist in the army, and organizer of Bolshevik committees among the soldiers. Took part in the Bolshevik take-over in October 1917 in Petrograd.

One of the founders and organizers of the Cheka, and chairman of the special revolutionary tribunal, 1917-1921. Took part in the suppression of the Kronstadt revolt of sailors against the Soviet government, 1921. Later worked in the Central Committee of theBolshevik Party, 1922-1925.

Deputy Minister of Social Security.


Religious leaders contribute to secular and religious wars by endorsing or supporting the violence.


The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.