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Jackson C. Morton

businessman , congressman , manufacturer , planter

Jackson Morton, American senator. member Fla; member United States Senate (Whig) from Fla; member Confederate Congress from Fla.


MORTON, Jackson C. was born on August 10, 1794 in Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County, Virginia, United States, United States.


Graduate Washington College (now Washington and Lee University), Lexington, Va.


His parents died while he was a boy, and he was reared by an uncle, William Mogen. He attended Washington College in Virginia in 1814 and graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1815. Morton, who was in the lumber and manufacturing business in Pensacola, Florida, in 1820, later became a wealthy planter in Mortonia, Florida.

He entered political life as a Whig, served in the Florida territorial legislature in the 1836-1838 term, and helped to frame the state constitution in 1838. From 1841 to 1845, he was a naval agent in Pensacola, and from 1848 to 1855, he served Florida in the U.S. Senate. In 1850, he was a radical secessionist, but by 1860 he was a cooperationist who wanted Florida to secede only after Alabama had seceded.

He retired from active politics in 1855 and returned to his lumber business. When the Civil War began, he volunteered for duty in the Confederate Army. He saw no service and, instead, served in politics.

During the war, Morton was a delegate to the provisional Confederate Congress, where he served on the committee to draw up the permanent Confederate Constitution and on the Commercial Affairs Committee. He also served on the Commercial Affairs, Flag and Seal, Inauguration, and Indian Affairs Committees after he was elected to the first and second Confederate House of Representatives. Morton opposed the Davis administration for its lack of protection of the Florida coast.

When the war ended, he returned to his business in Florida, and took no further part in public life.


"Peculiar institution" of slavery was not only expedient but also ordained by God and upheld in Holy Scripture.


Stands for preserving slavery, states' rights, and political liberty for whites. Every individual state is sovereign, even to the point of secession.


Member Fla; member United States Senate (Whig) from Fla. Member Confederate Congress from Fla.