Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Brooklyn College, 1957. Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry Purdue University, 1962. Postdoctoral fellow California Institute Technology, Pasadena, 1962-1966.
From assistant professor to associate professor Syracuse University, New York, 1966-1974.
From associate professor to professor microbiology University of Alabama-Birmingham, since 1974.
Postdoctoral fellow California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, 1962—1966. Assistant professor to associate professor Syracuse University, New York, 1966—1974. Associate professor to professor, microbiology University Alabama, Birmingham, since 1974.
Member of American Association for the Advancement of Science, Federation American Scientists, American Society Microbiology, American Society Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Married Ellen Perlman, April 2, 1967 (divorced 1974). Married Candace Ridington, June 1, 1978.