Bachelor, Stanford University, 1954. Student, Foreign Service Institute, 1960—1961. Student, National War College, 1974—1975.
With United States Foreign Service, 1956—1990, administrative officer Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 1958—1960. Political officer Saigon, Vietnam, 1961—1965. Member faculty United States Military Academy, 1965—1967.
International relations officer Vietnam affairs Department State, 1967—1970, director Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia affairs, 1975—1977, deputy director management operations Washington, 1986—1990. Member United States delegate to Vietnam Peace Talks Paris, 1970—1972. Deputy chief of mission Bangui, 1972—1974, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1977—1979, Manila, Philippines, 1979—1983.
Ambassador to Guinea Conakry, 1983—1986. Executive director Commonwealth Club of California, 1990—1996. Lieutenant United States Marine Corps, 1953-1955.
Member United States dele. to Vietnam Peace Talks, Paris, 1970-1972.