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James Eugene Chaney Edit Profile

army officer.

James Eugene Chaney, American army officer. Awarded Victory Medal, Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster (United States); American Defense; American Campaign; European and Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns; War Cross, Officer of the Crown (Italy); commander Order of Prince Danilo I (Montenegro); commander Order Southern cross (Brazil); Military Command Pilot.


Chaney, James Eugene was born on March 16, 1885 in Chaney, Maryland, United States. Son of Doctor Thomas Morris and Emma (Chaney) Chaney.


Student Baltimore City College, 1900-1904. Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1908, Air Corps Tactical School, 1925, Command and General staff schedul, 1926, Army War College, 1931.


Served as Second lieutenant with 9th Infantry at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, and in P.I., 1908-1912. Appointed major A.S., 1917. With American Expeditionary Forces in France, 1918-1919.

Air attache American Embassy, Rome, 1919-1924. Commandant Air Corps flying schools, Brooks Field and Kelly Field, Texas, 1924-1928. Lieutenant colonel Air Corps, 1932.

Chief War Plans Division, Air Corps, Washington, 1932-1934. Brigadier general, assistant chief of Air Corps, 1934-1938, and commanding Air Corps Training Center, San Antonio, Texas, 1935-1938. Commanded Mitchel Field, Long Island, New York, 1938-1940.

Appointed brigadier general, to commanded first Air Defense, 1940. Appointed major general commanding 1st Air Force, 1940-1941. In office of chief of staff, Washington, 1941-1942.

Commanding United States Forces in British Isles, 1942. Commanding general, First Air Force, 1942-1943, Air Forces Western Technology Training Command, 1944. Commanding Army Forces in seizure, occupation and development, Iwo Jima, 1945.

Western Pacific Base Command, 1945. President Secretary of War’s Personnel Board, 1946-1947, retired from active service, 1947. United States delegate to International Aviation Congresses, Monte Carlo, 1921, Prague, 1921 and Rome, 1924.

Technical advisor United States Delegation, Geneva Disarmament Conference, 1932.


Served as Second lieutenant with 9th Infantry at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, and in P.I., 1908-1912. Member General Marshall’s military mission to Brazil, 1939.


Married Miriam Clerk, 1910.

Doctor Thomas Morris Chaney

Emma (Chaney) Chaney

Miriam Clerk