Doctor of Pharmacy, University Medical Center Groningen, 1994. Doctor of Philosophy, University Medical Center Groningen, 2005.
Research fellow Antonius Hospital Nieuwegein, Netherlands, 1994—1995, Training Hospital Pharmacist, Martini Hospital, Netherlands, 1995—1999. Assistant director pharmacy Hospital Pharmacy Meppel-Hoogeveen, since 1999. Visiting researcher University Center Pharmacy, Groningen, since 2007.
Training clinical pharmacologist University Medical Center, since 2008. Member Medical Staff Board, Diaconessen Hospital Meppel, Netherlands, Committee Analysis & Toxicology, Dutch Association Hospital Pharmacists.