Degree in engineering/economics, Polytech. Institute, Riga, 1980. Candidate economic science, Textile Institute, Moscow, 1985.
Nostrificated D of Economics, Riga, 1992.
Lecturer, Polytechnic Institute, Riga, 1980-1990; head of chair of production and entrepreneurship, Technology U., Riga, 1990-1993; director Institute of Production and Entrepreneurship, Technology U., Riga, since 1993; minister of economy, Ministry of Economy, Riga, since 1994. Associate professor Technology U., Riga, since 1985.
Founder, fellow Latvian Basketball League, Riga, since 1991.