Associate of Arts, Hartnell Junior College, 1953. Bachelor in Medical Technology, San Jose State University, 1967. Master of Science in Microbiology, Incarnate Word College, 1970.
Enlisted United States Army, 1955, advanced through grades to sergeant 1st class, 1968. Medical laboratory technologist United States Army Hospitals, Fort McClellan, Alabama and Landstuhl, Federal Republic Germany, 1955-1968. Instructor microbiology Academy Health Scis, United States Army, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, 1968-1975.
Retired United States Army, 1975. Free-lance scientific writer microbiology Salinas, California, from 1975.
Member Registry of Medical Technologists American Society Clinical Pathologists (licensed), National Registry Microbiologists Specialists Microbiologists (licensed), Clinical Laboratory Technologists California (licensed), American Society Microbiology.