Bachelor of Science, Leeds University, 1973. Doctor of Philosophy, Cambridge University, 1977.
Research scientist Sandoz, Vienna, 1977-1979. Lecturer University Leicester, United Kingdom, 1979-1985. Professor University Reading, 1985-1999.
Senior vice president external Research and Development and discovery research Aventis Pasteur, Marcy-L'etoile, France, since 1999. Chairman virology division International Union Microbiol. Societies, 1996-1999.
Member Spongiform Encephalopathies Advisory Committee of United Kingdom Government, since 1996. Member Society General Microbiology (international secretary since 1996).
Married Karen E. Bailey, August 8, 1976. Children: Max, Gemma, Adam.