Bachelor of Science in Biology, Marywood College, Scranton, Pennsylvania, 1972; Master of Science in Biology, West Virginia University, 1975; Doctor of Philosophy in Medical Microbiology, West Virginia University, 1978.
Teaching assistant, West Virginia University, Morgantown, 1972-1974; postdoctoral fellow, U. South Alabama, Mobile, 1978-1982; instructor, U. South Alabama, Mobile, 1983-1984; assistant professor microbiology, U. South Alabama, Mobile, 1984-1990; associate professor microbiology, U. South Alabama, Mobile, since 1990.
Member American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Society Microbiology, American Association Immunologists, International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, American Society for Rickettsiology (councilor-at-large 1989-1991), National Association Biology Teachers, Sigma Xi.