Master of Science, Electrical Power Research Institute China, Beijing, 1984. Licentiate, Turku School of Economics, Finland, 1993. Doctor, Turku School of Economics, Finland, 1996.
From lecturer to assistant professor XinJiang Industry University, 1971-1978. Senior fellow State Statistical Bureau China, Beijing, 1984-1986, Youth Political Institute, Beijing, 1986-1989, Turku School of Economics, from 1990.
Children: Jian, Jin, Maria.