(During the past five years increased awareness of environ...)
During the past five years increased awareness of environmental contamination by nitroaromatic compounds has led to a dramatic increase in research on their biodegradation. The resulting discoveries have markedly extended our understanding of degradation mecha nisms and pathways in bacteria and fungi. Futhermore, this new basic knowledge promises the development of field applications of biodegradation systems for nitroaromatic com pounds. In May of 1994, an International Symposium on the Biodegradation of Nitro aromatic Compounds was held in Las Vegas, Nevada. This symposium brought together the scientists at the frontiers of research into the biodegradation of nitro aromatic compounds. The invited speakers were asked to review their area of expertise and write a critical, comprehensive synthesis of their work and related work by others. This book is the result of their efforts. The emphasis of the reviews is on basic research in biodegradation and biotransfor mation. Therefore, the reactions of nitroaromatic compounds in plants, animals, bacteria, fungi, soil, and even nonbiological systems are considered. The goal of the work is to provide the reader with an appreciation of the tremendous range of possibilities for metabolism of aromatic nitro compounds and the experimental approaches used to understand them. This volume should be of interest to biochemists, microbiologists, engineers, toxicologists, and anyone interested in the behavior of synthetic chemicals in the environment or in living systems. Furthermore, a variety of commercial applications can be envisioned for some of the reactions described here.
Spain received a Bachelor of Science in Biology and Chemistry from the University of Texas in Arlington in 1973. Six years later he earned his Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Texas in Austin.
Spain began his career as a postdoctoral research associate at the Environmental Protection Agency Research Laboratory in 1979 and held it for two years. In 1984, he took a position of a senior research microbiologist at Air Force Research Laboratory, where he worked until 2004 and studied the biodegradation of synthetic organic compounds in the environment.
From 2005 Jim was a professor at the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Nowadays he is a professor emeritus at the same university.
(During the past five years increased awareness of environ...)1995
Spain is a member of the American Academy of Microbiology, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Chemical Society and American Society for Microbiology.
Jim Spain`s life partner is Catherine M. Vogel.