Born in Portsmouth, England in 1892. He emigrated to Australia when he was young. He enlisted into the 9th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force, on 28 January 1915 in Rockhampton, Queensland.
He was 23 years old when, on 16 April 1915, he embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A55 Kyarra to Gallipoli.
In 1918 he was wounded, and discharged the next year.