Oxford OX1 2JD, United Kingdom
John Milloy holds a Doctor of Philosophy from Oxford University.
John Milloy holds a Doctor of Philosophy degree from Oxford University.
In 1981 John S. Milloy was appointed as a professor in the Native Studies department of Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. He taught courses in the history, politics, and culture of the native people of Canada. In his 1989 work, The Plains Cree: Trade, Diplomacy and War, 1790 to 1870, Milloy provides a detailed account of the military and trade history of the Cree people during the era of North American expansionism. Although the book is detailed, Milloy does not claim that it is exhaustive. Milloy draws his account from the journals and memoirs of fur traders, missionaries, and Cree writers.
Milloy’s A National Crime: The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, 1879 to 1986 examines the boarding schools where Native children were sent beginning in the late nineteenth century. These schools were designed to separate Indian children from their own culture, teach them white ways, and ultimately assimilate them so that their own cultures would disappear. Conditions in the schools were often brutal: The teaching was poor, the buildings were declared unfit for human occupancy, disease was rampant, and thousands of these children died. Milloy describes the social, political, religious, and ideological factors that led to the institution of the schools and continued to allow them to exist. For the book, he examined hundreds of documents from archives and government sources that had never before been opened to the public.
Nowadays John Milloy is a professor emeritus in the departments of Native Studies and History of Trent University.