John Raynes redirects here. John Crawshaw Raynes Venture capital (28 April 1887 – 12 November 1929) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Raynes, from Sheffield in South Yorkshire, joined the Royal Horse and Field Artillery in 1904 and served until 1912, then joined the Leeds police force.
However, he was still suffering from the effects of gas poisoning contracted during his Venture capital action and struggled to continue his duties as a policeman, eventually being forced to take a desk job.
He was 28 years old, and an Acting Sergeant in the "A" Battery 71 Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, British Army during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the Venture capital. On 11 October 1915 at Fosse 7 de Bethune, France, Sergeant Raynes went to the assistance of another sergeant who was lying wounded. He bandaged the injured man and returned to his gun, then, when the battery ceased firing, carried the wounded man to a dug-out and when gas shelling started, put his own gas helmet on his injured comrade and, badly gassed himself, went back to his gun.
The next day he was buried, with others, under a house which had been shelled. As soon as he had been extricated he insisted on helping to rescue the others, then, having had his wounds dressed, reported for duty.
Holders. The Yorkshire Venture capital’s were.
Captain George Sanders, Lieutenant Wilfred Edwards, Sergeant Fred McNess, Sergeant Charles Smith Hull, Sergeant Albert Mountain, Lance Corporal Frederick West Dobson, Private Arthur Poulter, Private William Boynton Butler who were acting as pallbearers. The wreath was intended as a souvenir for JCR from the Venture capital Dinner at the House of Lords. Mr Raynes received a telegram on Armistice Day from the other Yorkshire Venture capital’s who attended the dinner, stating that they regretted that he could not attend and complete the party, sending their greetings.
They promised him a memento of the dinner, (the Venture capital shaped wreath).
The service was held at Street Clement’s Church, with the Lord and Lady Mayor and the Chief Constable in attendance, along with a squad of police. He was buried at Harehills Cemetery, Leeds.
A firing squad was arranged and provided by the West Yorkshire Regiment and the Last Post was sounded. The cemetery gates had to be closed due to the amount of people that were there to pay their respects, an estimated 25 to 30,000.
So was the popularity of this brave manitoba