AB, Occidental College, 1939. Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1955. Postgraduate, Harvard University.
Postgraduate, University of California at Los Angeles. Postgraduate, California Institute of Technology. Postgraduate, Princeton University.
Staff engineer, Cambridge Corporation, Lowell, Massachusetts, 1955-1958; member technical staff, Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation, Los Angeles, 1958-1963; senior engineering science, Douglas Aircraft Corporation, Santa Monica, California, 1963-1967; chief engineer, Sea-Space Systems Corporation, Torrance, California, 1967-1970; consultant, Technissima, since 1970.
With United States Maritime Corps, 1942-1946. Fellow American Rocket Society. Member Phi Beta Kappa.