BME, Iowa State University, 1949; Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, 1955; Doctor of Philosophy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1962.
Aero. research scientist, National Advisory Committee for aeronautics, Langley Field, Virginia, 1949-1951; development engineer, Honeywell, Inc., Minneapolis, 1951-1953; research engineer, Honeywell, Inc., 1953-1955; principal research engineer, Honeywell, Inc., 1955-1958; research project engineer, Honeywell, Inc., 1954-1958; senior staff engineer, Honeywell, Inc., 1958-1962; manager space systems, Honeywell, Inc., 1963; member of faculty, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1963-1986; professor mechanic engineering, University of Minnesota, 1971-1986; professor mechanic engineering, Boston University, 1986-1994. Consultant Colorado Regional Transportation District, 1974-1975, Raytheon Company, 1975-1976, Mannesmann Demag, 1978-1979, Arthr D. Little, Inc., 1981, Indianapolis Transit Commission, 1979-1981, Davy McKee Corporation, 1984-1985. Founder, president, Chief Executive Officer Taxi 2000 Corporation (formerly ATS Inc.), since 1983.
With United States Navy, 1945-1946. Fellow: American Association for the Advancement of Science. Member: American Society of Civil Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Society Automotive Engineers, Union Concerned Scientists, Citizens for Global Solutions.
Married Cynthia Louise Howard, May 24, 1975. Children: Candice, James, Stanley.