Bachelor, Middlebury College, 1944. Master of Arts, Columbia, 1948. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1958.
Radio announcer, Station WBNY, Buffalo, 1944;
Off-Broadway, stock and television actor, 1945-1946;
instructor, City College of New York, 1946-1958;
member of faculty, Columbia, 1958-1974;
Professor of English literature, Columbia, 1966-1974;
Professor of English, U. Hawaii, Honolulu, 1974-1989. Visiting professor of University Hawaii, 1969, University Texas, 1974, Flinders U., Australia, 1979. Lecturer Yeats International Summer School, Ireland, 1972, 73-75, 77, 78,79, 80, 82, 84 member book reviewer New York Times, New Leader, Sat.
Review President Hawaii Literature Council, 1975, member board, 1975-1978.
(Farrar Straus Giriuyx 1969 1st 787 pp VG ins in DJ, DJ sp...)
(New York, NY, Columbia U.P., 1964. 1st Edition(PB), VG+. ...)
Member Author's Guild, P.E.N., Modern Language Association, James Joyce Society, Lawrence Durrell Society, American Committee Irish Studies, American Gloxinia Society.
Married Ann Apalian, February 28, 1953 (divorced 1973).