Bachelor, Seton Hall University, 1930. Student, University Propaganda, Rome, 1930—1932. Licentiate of Sacred Theology, Gregorian University, Rome, 1934.
Student, Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, 1934—1937. Decision Support System, 1948. Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), University Detroit, 1960.
Doctor of Laws, Rutgers University, 1962. Doctor of Laws, St. Peter's College, 1964. Doctor of Laws, St. Ambrose College, 1964.
Doctor of Humane Letters, Seton Hall University, 1969.
He served as an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Newark from 1963 to 1982. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, John Dougherty was ordained a priest for the Archdiocese of Newark on July 23, 1933. On November 17, 1962 Pope John XXIII appointed him as the Titular Bishop of Cotenna and Auxiliary Bishop of Newark.
He was consecrated a bishop by Archbishop Thomas Boland on January 24, 1963.
The principal co-consecrators were Bishop James McNulty of Paterson and Newark Auxiliary Bishop Martin Stanton. Dougherty attended two of the four sessions of the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965).
He continued to serve as an auxiliary bishop until his resignation was accepted by Pope John Paul II on September 18, 1982. He died at the age of 78 on March 20, 1986.
Board directors Catholic Biblical Association, 1957—1959, UNDA (International Association Catholic Radio and television), 1956—1959. Member national council University of North Alabama-United States of America, since 1977. Member National Citizens Commission International Cooperative, 1965, Advisory Committee Education of the Deaf, 1966.
Vice chairman committee of department international affairs United States.C.C., 1969—1974. Trustee Council Religion and International Affairs, since 1971, chairman, 1973—1977.