Graduate, St. John's Seminary, San Antonio, 1930. Student, North College, Rome, Italy, 1936. Attended lectures, Pontifical University of Propagation of Faith, 1932.
S.T.D., Pontifical Gregorian University, 1936. A.M., Catholic University America, 1943. Honorary Doctor of Laws, St. Edward's University, 1958.
Ordained priest, Roman Catholic Church, 1933;
assistant pastor, St. Michael's Church, Weimar, Texas, 1936-1939;
assistant pastor, St. Ann's Church, San Antonio, 1940;
professor canon law, St. John's Seminary, San Antonio, 1940-1941;
archdiocesan superintendent of schools, 1941-1956;
pastor, St. Leo's parish, San Antonio, 1945-1954;
pastor, St. Mary Magdalen parish, 1954-1956;
titular bishop Hieron and auxiliary bishop, Amarillo, 1956-1958;
vicar general, chancellor, Amarillo Diocese, 1957-1958;
bishop, Amarillo Diocese, 1958-1963;
coadjutor bishop, apostolic administrator, Galveston-Houston, 1963-1974;
bishop, Galveston-Houston, 1975-1985;
bishop emeritus, Galveston-Houston, 1985-1990. Judge on Archiocesan Tribunal, 1946-1956. Member Archdiocesan Board Consultors, 1947-1956.
President Texas Conference Christian Churches, 1971-1972.
Member of Knights of Columbus (4 degree).