Bachelor of Science, University Wisconsin, 1964. Master of Science, University Wisconsin, 1967. Doctor of Philosophy, University Wisconsin, 1970.
Research assistant State of Wisconsin, Madison, 1964-1967. Research fellow University Wisconsin, 1967-1969. Professor economics Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 1969—2004, professor emeritus, since 2004.
Consultant Pennsylvania Office of Attorney General, Harrisburg, since 1980.
Member American Economic Association, Industrial Organization Society, Association Resource and Environmental Economists, American Canoe Association, Pennsylvania State Outing.
Married Naomi Higa, January 21, 1967. Children: Bradley R., Steven E.