Doctor of Medicine, Charité Medical School, Berlin, Germany, 1994.
Resident in internal medicine Woodend Hospital, Aberdeen, Scotland, 1995. Resident in ophthalmology Mainz (Germany) University Hospital, 1995-1999, Ulm (Germany) University Hospital, 1999. Fello in ophthalmology (medical and surgical retina) University Hospital Aberdeen, United Kingdom, since 2000.
Member German Society Ophthalmologists, Association Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.