Kazuo Takano graduated from Tokyo University (1922).
Kazuo Takano was appointed professor at Teikoku Medical and Pharmaceutical College for Women.
He founded the Takano Pharmaceutical Research Institute (1940), which was later reorganized to become Nihon Seiyaku (South Japan Pharmaceutical) Company under his presidency (1947). Later managing director of Manchuria Inahata Industrial Company.
He was elected managing director of Japan Pharmaceutical Association (1948), promoted chairman of Board of Directors (1950) to eventually become president (1953). Also director of Doaikai Society. Meanwhile was briefly instructor at Kyushu and Tokushima universities.
As leader, played an active part in separating the medical profession from pharmacy. Among his works are "New Pharmacy", "Revised Medical Laws", "Dental Laws" and "Interpretation of Pharmaceutiсal Laws".
He was member of the House of Councilors (1954).