Hsu Ke-Hsiang graduated from a training institute attached to the Hunan Army at the end of the Ohing Dynasty.
After the 1911 Revolution he was made Lieutenant and in 1915 Captain of the Hunan reservists. In 1921 he went to Jiangxi and joined the first Nationalist military campaign against the North. Then Mr. Hsu was promoted Regimental Commander in 1923 and Brigadier Commander in 1924. He was sent to the border of Sichuan during the conflict between Wu Pei-fu and the Nationalists in 1924. He was stationed in Guangxi engaged in suppressing the rebels from 1929 to 1930.