Master of Arts, University Turku, Finland, 1964. Doctor of Philosophy, University Tampere, Finland, 1971.
Teacher Swedish & English, Finnish Secondary Schools. Evija rvi Kolari, Mikkeli. Oripa a, 1952—1955, 1960—1966.
Assistant in general literature University Tampere, 1966—1973. Docent, since 1971; professor general literature, since 1973. Dean Faculty Humanities, 1976, 1981—1982.
Director department art studies, 1979—1981. Member university council, 1979—1980.
Member of Deutsche Bibliothek, International Comparative Literature Association, American Association Aesthetics, Nordic Association Canada Studies, Nordic Association American Studies, Literature Scholars Association, Member Finnish Literature Society, Rotary Club.
Married Hanna-Maija Va limaa Holsti, July 31, 1960. Children: Aino Kristiina, Martti Tapani.