Bachelor of Science, Robert College, 1932. Master of Arts in History, University California, Berkeley, 1940. Doctor of Philosophy, American University, 1950.
Foreign affairs officer, economic United States Department State, United States Department Commerce, Washington, 1945-1973. Associate professor management Howard University, 1974-1977. Member advisory board American-Turkish Friendship Council.
Historian Friendship Heights Village Council Bicentennial Committee on Constitution of United States of America, 1987-1992, Chevy Chase, Maryland. Adjunct professor American University, 1950-1985, Southeastern University, 1978-1994, Benjamin Franklin University, 1986-1988. Consultant Walden University, 1970-1990.
Lieutenant Turkish Army, 1934-1936, sergeant United States Army, 1942-1945, captain United States Air Force Reserve, 1949-1954. Member Middle East Institute, Assembly American Turkish Associations, American Turkish Association Washington, Maryland American Turkish Association, Veterans Office of Strategic Services (life).
Married Elizabeth Miller, March 30, 1946.