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Ki Chang Edit Profile

also known as Chang Chi

Kuomintang leader and revolutionist

Chang Ki was a famous revolutionary activist. He wrote for several newspapers which were overwhelmingly connected with the ideas of revolution.


Mr. Chang was born in Tsangchow, Hopei (Chihli).


Chang Ki received his early education at Paoting, Chihli. At age of 18 he went to Japan where he studied political science and economics at Waseda University in Tokyo.


While in Japan, Chang Ki made acquaintance with the revolutionary leaders including Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Hwang Hsin and others. Later at Shanghai, he assisted in the publication of the Soo Pao advocating revolution and openly attacking the Manchui Government. When his associates of the paper were imprisoned by the Manchu government, he started another publication known as Kuo Min Kung Pao at Shanghai.

Chang Ki went to Hunan with Hwang Hsin and there founded a school with a view to spreading revolutionary ideas, fled to Japan upon failure of his attempt and there founded the Hua Hsing Huai with a revolutionary programme. While in Japan, he started the Min Pao — the official organ of the Tung Ming Hui. He travelled to Java and the Straits Settlements where he established schools for the education of Chinese emigrants. Some time later Chang Ki went to France, where he assisted in the publication of the New Century in Paris. He travelled extensively in France, Belgium, England and Switzerland and sojourned at Geneva for one year.

In 1911 Chang Ki returned to China and was elected member of the outbreak of the 2nd Revolution against Yuan Shih-kai, he left Peking for Shanghai and joined the revolutionary forces led by Li Lieh-chun. Chang Ki went to Canton, but soon left there for Japan where he remained until 1914.

Chang Ki re-visited France in 1914, then left France for England and then for the United States in 1915, accompanied Dr. Sun Yat-sen to Canton in 1917 and there assisted him in the organization of the Constitutional Government in 1917. In 1918 he left Canton with Dr. Sun owing to internal discord and went to Changsha and there succeeded in pursuading the late Tan Yen-kai, then Military Governor of Hunan, to support the Constitutional Government at Canton, 1918.

In 1919 he again revisited Europe studying post-war conditions in different countries and in 1921 returned to Canton with Dr. Sun. Following the coup d'etat of Chen Chiung-ming at Canton, he left Canton for Shanghai in 1922 , and was elected a member of Central Executive Committee of Kuomintang in 1924. Chang Ki was instrumental in the conversion of the Imperial Palace in Peking Into a museum in 1924. Upon the success of the 1926 Revolution and establishment of the Nationalist Government at Nanking, he was appointed member of the Che-kiang Division of the Central Political Council.

In 1927 Chang Ki became a member of the joint council of the Central Executive Committee and Central Supervisory Committee of Kuomintang. He also was a member of Central Political Council and a chairman of the Peiping Division of the same Council, a vice-president of the Judical Yuan (1928) and a member of the Central Supervisory Committee since 1929.