1911-1912 studied at Moscow Commercial Institute.
1914-1918 interned in Germany. 1921 joined “Serapion Brothers” literature association. Since 1934 Presidium member, USSR Union of Writers.
Member, Soviet Committee the Defense of Peace and delegation at congresses of latter organ, in Warsaw, Vienna and Helsinki. 1956 representative USSR Union of Writers at 4th Congress of German Writers. Chairman, Soviet-German Friendship Society.
1959 member, Soviet Party and Government delegation Germany. 1959 visited London; since 1956 Presidium member, Committee Stalin (later Lenin) Prizes for Literature and Art., USSR Council of Ministers, Deputy, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Supreme Soviet of 1951, 1955, and 1959 convocation. Since 1958 Chairman, Soviet-German Friendship Society.
1918-1919 in Popular Commissariat of Education: 1919 Editor, newspaper “Syzransky Kommunar”. 1919-1921 in Red Army.
Member Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics Academy of Sciences, Deutsche Aka. der Künste.