Sanjoy K. Mitter was born in 1933 in Calcutta, India. In 1965 he received the Doctor of Philosophy degree from Imperial College of Science and Technology, London. He taught at Case Western Reserve University from 1965 to 1969 and joined Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1969.
His research has been concerned with Systems, Control and Communication.
He has furnished proofs in nonlinear filtering and optimal control theory, as well as carrying out more applied work in image analysis, computation of optimal controls and reliability of electrical power systems He was director for both the Center for Intelligent Control and the Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems.
Mitter lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts.